Veliko Tarnovo

Veliko Tarnovo is one of the towns in Bulgaria with rich past and of great significance for the Bulgarian history. Established in IV century B.C., the town is political, administrative and spiritual center of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom in the Middle Ages (1185-1393). This is the period of cultural and political progress of the liberated from the Byzantines country.

The medieval town was located over the hills of Tsarevets, Trapezitsa, Sveta Gora and over the footsteps of the Momina Krepost Hill. The Tsarevets Hill is naturally protected trough water barrier of Yantra River. That is why on this hill were situated the main castle of the town, the Royal Palace, the Patriarchal Church and lots of church and civil buildings. The material and the spiritual progress was stopped in the summer of 1393, when after three-month siege the town, and afterwards the whole Bulgaria, had felt under Turkish yoke. Centuries had to past in order for the town to start recovering and to enter in new political, economical and spiritual progress in the Renaissance. The crafts are developed, the trade is flourishing, new beautiful houses, public buildings and churches are built.

At 07.07.1877 Tarnovo is free town again. Since 10th of February till 16th of April 1879 the Constituent Assembly had sat here, where the first Bulgarian constitution was established – the Tarnovo one, which was one of the most democratic ones in Europe in these days. This had started the beginning of the Bulgarian Parliamentarism. At 27th of July the same year Alexander Batenberg had chosen for Bulgarian Prince.

The museums in Veliko Tarnovo and region are traditional objects for visit of specialists and tourists. Unique findings are exhibited in the Archaeological Museum, the Renaissance and Constituent Assembly Museum, the Sarafkina House with the exposition “The way of living in the towns in XIX-XX century”, the Art Gallery. Findings of the prehistoric epoch are discovered near Hotnitsa Village, where the Hotnishko Golden treasure had been founded, one of the most ancients gold treasure in the world, dated back to the Stone-Copper Age.

An unique view is revealed from the ancient Gurko Street. Lots of Renaissance houses are situated on it, which are giving the characteristic atmosphere of the town.

Samovodska Charshia is an architectural complex – museum at open air with restored Renaissance houses and working craft workshops – pottery, wood-carving, producing of weapons, etc. And in the restored few years ago St. 40 Martyrs Church all Bulgarian Kings from the Second Bulgarian Kingdom were crowned. Here was buried one of the greatest Bulgarian kings – king Kaloyan.

In the evenings the magnificent show “Sound&Light” is taking place, re-creating at the Tsarevets Hill the history of Bulgaria amongst real fairy of colors and music.

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